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Bigleaf Linden

Tilia platyphyllos

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Bigleaf Linden (Tilia platyphyllos) at St. Mary's Nursery & Garden Centre

Bigleaf Linden

Bigleaf Linden

(Photo courtesy of NetPS Plant Finder)

Height:  70 feet

Spread:  40 feet

Sunlight:  full sun 

Hardiness Zone:  4a

Other Names:  Bigleaf Lime


A stately shade tree native to much of Europe, with sweetly fragrant flowers appearing in late spring and rich green heart-shaped leaves all summer; shapely pyramidal growth habit, especially when young, can grow quite large; a tough and adaptable tree

Ornamental Features

Bigleaf Linden is primarily valued in the landscape for its distinctively pyramidal habit of growth. It features subtle clusters of fragrant yellow flowers with tan bracts hanging below the branches in late spring. It has dark green deciduous foliage. The large fuzzy heart-shaped leaves turn yellow in fall.

Landscape Attributes

Bigleaf Linden is a deciduous tree with a strong central leader and a distinctive and refined pyramidal form. Its average texture blends into the landscape, but can be balanced by one or two finer or coarser trees or shrubs for an effective composition.

This is a relatively low maintenance tree, and is best pruned in late winter once the threat of extreme cold has passed. It is a good choice for attracting bees to your yard. Gardeners should be aware of the following characteristic(s) that may warrant special consideration;

  • Insects

Bigleaf Linden is recommended for the following landscape applications;

  • Shade

Planting & Growing

Bigleaf Linden will grow to be about 70 feet tall at maturity, with a spread of 40 feet. It has a high canopy with a typical clearance of 6 feet from the ground, and should not be planted underneath power lines. As it matures, the lower branches of this tree can be strategically removed to create a high enough canopy to support unobstructed human traffic underneath. It grows at a medium rate, and under ideal conditions can be expected to live for 70 years or more.

This tree should only be grown in full sunlight. It is very adaptable to both dry and moist locations, and should do just fine under average home landscape conditions. It is not particular as to soil type or pH. It is highly tolerant of urban pollution and will even thrive in inner city environments. This species is not originally from North America.

This plant is not reliably hardy in our region, and certain restrictions may apply; contact the store for more information.

Hardiness Zone Plant Height Minimum Sunlight
Flowers  Plant Form  Attracts Wildlife 
Ornamental Features

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St.Mary’s Nursery & Garden Centre

2901 St.Mary’s Road
Winnipeg, MB
R2N 4A9

T: +1 (204) 255-7353